Saturday, December 20, 2014

"Hopewell" sites

Main article: Hopewell tradition
This is a list of Hopewell sites. The Hopewell tradition (also incorrectly called the "Hopewell culture") was the common aspects of the Native American culture that flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States from 200 BCE to 500 CE. The Hopewell tradition was not a single culture or society, but a widely dispersed set of related populations that were connected by a common network of trade routes,[1] known as the Hopewell Exchange System.
Bynum Mound and Village SiteBynum Mound and Village SiteLocated near Houston, Mississippi, the site is a complex of six conical shaped mounds which were in use during the Miller 1 and Miller 2 phases of the Miller culture(100 BCE to 100 CE).[2][3] and was built between 100 BCE and 100 CE. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989 as part of the Natchez Trace Parkway at milepost 232.4.

Cloverdale archaeological siteThe Cloverdale archaeological site (23BN2) is an important archaeological site near St. Joseph, Missouri. It is located at the mouth of a small valley that opens into the Missouri River. It was occupied by Kansas City Hopewell (ca. 100 to 500 CE) peoples.[4]
Crooks moundA large Marksville culture mound site, located in La Salle Parish, Louisiana. It is a large, conical, burial mound that was part of at least six episodes of burials. It measure about 16 ft high (4.9 m) and 85 ft wide (26 m).
Dunns Pond MoundDunns Pond MoundThe Dunns Pond Mound is a historic Native American moundin northeastern Logan CountyOhioUnited States. Located near Huntsville, it lies along the southeastern corner of Indian Lake in Washington Township. In 1974, the mound was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a potential archeological site.
Fortified Hill WorksFortified Hill WorksRegistered historic site near Hamilton, Ohio.
Fort Ancient (Lebanon, Ohio)Fort Ancient (Lebanon, Ohio)Fort Ancient is a collection of mounds and earthen walls located in Washington TownshipWarren County, Ohio, along the eastern shore of the Little Miami River about seven miles (11 km) southeast of Lebanon on State Route 350. The site is the largest prehistoric hilltop enclosure in the United States with three and one-half miles (18,000 ft or 5,500 m) of walls in a 100-acre (0.40 km2) complex.
Grand Gulf MoundAn Early Marksville culture site located near Port Gibson in Claiborne County, Mississippi, on a bluff 1 mile (1.6 km) east of the Mississippi River, 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the mouth of the Big Black River. The site has an extant burial mound, and may have possibly had two others in the past.[5]
Hopeton EarthworksHopeton EarthworksThe Hopeton Earthworks are an Ohio Hopewell group of mounds and earthworks located about a mile east of the Mound City group on a terrace of the Scioto River. The walls have been damaged by cultivation. They are contained in a detached portion of Hopewell Culture National Historic Park.
Hopewell Culture National Historical ParkMound City GroupHopewell Culture National Historical Park, formerly known as Mound City Group National Monument, is a United Statesnational historical park with earthworks and burial moundsfrom the Hopewell culture, indigenous peoples who flourished from about 200 BCE to 500 CE of ancestral Native Americans. The park is composed of five separate sites in Ross County, Ohio. The park includes archaeological resources of the Hopewell culture.
Indian Mound CemeteryIndian Mound CemeteryIndian Mound Cemetery is a cemetery located along the Northwestern Turnpike (U.S. Route 50) on a bluff overlooking the South Branch Potomac River in RomneyWest Virginia. The cemetery is centered around a Hopewell mound. The mound measures seven feet high and about fifteen feet in diameter. It is the largest of the remaining mounds discovered in West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle. The city has never allowed the mound to be excavated. The Smithsonian Institution suggests this mound might date between 500 and 1000 CE and that it was likely constructed by peoples of the Hopewell culture.
Junction GroupLocated near: 39.317045 -83.013619Earthworks site in Ross County, Ohio.
Kolomoki Mounds Historic ParkKolomoki Mounds Historic ParkThe Kolomoki Mounds are Woodland Period mound site built in Early CountyGeorgia. The seven mounds of earth at the sitewere built between 250-950 CE by Swift Creek and Weeden Island peoples.
Lake Ridge Island MoundsLake Ridge Island MoundsThe Lake Ridge Island Mounds (also known as the Wolf Mounds I-IV) are a group of small hills in Logan CountyOhioUnited States that have been thought to be Native American mounds. Located in an area of about 5 acres (2.0 ha) at the northern end on Lake Ridge Island in Indian Lake, the mounds are near the village of Russells Point in the southeastern corner of Stokes Township.
Leake MoundsLeake Mounds is an important archaeological site in Bartow County, Georgia built and used by peoples of the Swift Creek Culture.
Lewiston MoundLewiston MoundA burial mound located at Lewiston, New York in Niagara County, New York, on the grounds of the Earl W. Brydges Artpark State Park.
Mann SiteThe Mann Site (12 Po 2) is located in Posey County, Indianaand was placed on the National Historic Register in 1974.[6]
Marietta EarthworksMarietta EarthworksLocated at the confluence of the Muskingum and Ohio Rivers in Washington County, Ohio, under the modern day city of Marietta. The site once consisted of at least four large platform mounds, three walled enclosures, and a large burial mound, now the site of the Mound Cemetery.[7]
Marksville Prehistoric Indian SiteMarksville Prehistoric Indian SiteAlso known as the Marksville State Historic Site, it is the type site for the Marksville culture and is located about one mile southeast of Marksville, Louisiana.
Moorehead CircleA triple woodhenge constructed about two millennia ago at the Fort Ancient Earthworks in Ohio.
Mounds State ParkMounds State ParkMounds State Park is a state park in Anderson, Indiana, featuring prehistoric Native American heritage, and 10 ceremonial mounds built by the Adena people and apparently also used by later Hopewell inhabitants.
Newark EarthworksNewark EarthworksIn Newark, Ohio, the site consists of three sections of preserved earthwork: the Great Circle Earthworks, the Octagon Earthworks, and the Wright Earthworks. This complex was the largest earthen enclosures in the world. The site is preserved as a state park by the Ohio Historical Society.
Oak MoundsOak MoundsOutside Clarksburg, West Virginia, in Harrison County, a large Indian mound; to the west of it is a smaller mound. These mounds have never been totally excavated but they were probably built by the Hopewell culture between 0 and 1000 CE.
Pharr MoundsPharr MoundsLocated near Tupelo in parts of Itawamba and Prentiss County, Mississippi, a complex of eight dome shaped burial mounds was in use during the Miller 1 phase of the Miller culture[2] and was built between 1 and 200 CE. It is considered to be one of the largest and most important sites from this era.[8]
Portsmouth EarthworksPortsmouth EarthworksThe Portsmouth Earthworks are a large mound complex constructed by the Ohio Hopewell culture (100 BCE to 500 CE).[9] The site was one of the largest ceremonial centers constructed by the Hopewell and is located at the confluence of the Scioto and Ohio Rivers. The majority of the site is now covered by the city of Portsmouth in Scioto County, Ohio.[9]
Renner Village Archeological SiteThe Renner Village Archeological Site is a significant Kansas City Hopewell culture archaeological site located in the municipality of Riverside, Missouri. Known by archaeologists as the Renner site(23PL1), the site contains Hopewell and Middle Mississippian artifacts. The site is one of a several Kansas City Hopewell sites near the junction of Line Creekand the Missouri River.[10]
Seip Earthworks and Dill Mounds DistrictSeip Earthworks and Dill Mounds DistrictA large hilltop enclosure in Ross County, Ohio.
Serpent Mounds ParkNot to be confused with the Serpent Mound in Adams County, Ohio, the site was constructed by the Point Peninsula Complex peoples, a Hopewellian people who lived in central and southeastern Ontario, southwestern Quebec, and northern parts New York state between 300 BCE and 700 CE.
Sinnissippi MoundsSinnissippi MoundsThe Sinnissippi Mounds are a Havana Hopewell culture burial mound grouping located in the city of Sterling, IllinoisUnited States.
Toolesboro Mound GroupToolesboro Mound GroupHavana Hopewell culture site, The Toolesboro Mound Group is a group of mounds on the north bank of the Iowa River near its discharge into the Mississippi. The mounds are owned and displayed to the public by the State Historical Society of Iowa. The mound group is located east of Wapello, Iowa, near the unincorporated community of Toolesboro.
Tremper Mound and WorksTremper Mound and WorksThe Tremper Mound and Works are an Ohio Hopewell (100 BCE to 500 CE) earthen enclosure and large, irregularly-shaped mound. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The site is located in Scioto County, Ohio about five miles northwest of Portsmouth, Ohio on the second terrace floodplain overlooking the Scioto River.
Trowbridge Archeological SiteThe Trowbridge Archaeological Site is located in the vicinity of North 61st Street and Leavenworth Road in Kansas City, Kansas. It was inhabited c. 200–600 CE by the Kansas City Hopewell culture.

See alsoEdit


  1. Douglas T. Price, and Gary M. Feinman (2008). Images of the Past, 5th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 274–277. ISBN 978-0-07-340520-9.
  2. "Pharr Mounds-Ceramic analysis". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  3. Peregrine, Peter NealEmber, Melvin, eds. (2003). "Middle Eastern Woodland". Encyclopedia of Prehistory:North America 6 (1 ed.). Springer Publishing. p. 331. ISBN 978-0-306-46264-1.
  4. "Cloverdale Archaeological Site". Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  5. Brookes, Samuel O. (1976). The Grand Gulf Mound: Salvage Excavation of an Early Marksville Burial Mound in Claiborne County, Mississippi. Mississippi Archaeological Survey Report. Jackson, Mississippi: Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
  6. "National Register of Historic Places-Indiana, Posey County". Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  7. Romain, William F. (2000-10-01). Mysteries of the HopewellThe University of Akron Press. pp. 129–142. ISBN 978-1884836619.
  8. "Pharr Mounds-National Register of Historic Places Indian Mounds of Mississippi Travel Itinerary". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  9. "Portsmouth Earthworks-Ohio History Central". Retrieved 2009-06-06.
  10. "Renner Site 23PL1". Retrieved 2009-10-09.

External linksEdit