Tuesday, May 27, 2014

John Crum - grapes - 1792 Daraugh's Station or Dunlap's 1790-1791


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  • ID: I3268
  • Name: John Crum 1
  • Residence: ABT 1790 Fort Coleraine (Dunlap's Station), Hamilton Co., Ohio
  • John moved with his family from Pennsylvania to Dunlap's Station, Hamilton Co., Ohio, in 1790. This was located in present-day Coleraine Twsp, just north of Cincinnati on the Great Miami River. 
    Listed as being one of early settlers at Fort Coleraine in Nelson's History of Hamilton Co. (1894), along with brothers David and William, and brother-in-law Henry Whitinger.
    John probably was captured and adopted by Indians.
    The story, however, has inconsistencies. There are two main sources: Samuel Hahn's account, recorded in Cist and John Felton's account. The accounts, based on memory, seem to have confused or impossible details. It is even possible it was another John Crum, perhaps a nephew?
  • Samuel Hahn's account and the History of Hamilton County say the capture of John Crum took place at Dunlap's Station (which would make it ca. 1790-91). On the other hand, Wiseman's account of the attack on Dunlap's Station says only that David Gibson was captured, and the Felton account says the John Crum capture took place at Daraugh's Station (making it about 1792), so it is uncertain where this took place.
    Jacob Felton was a settler at Daraugh's Station. His memoir gives this account: John Crum and his "little" sister went out to play and pick grapes, about 1/4 mile from the Daraugh's Station fort. When his sister grew tired and went back to the fort without John, the settlers went out to find him, but all they found was his hat and moccasin tracks.
    (This has the problem that Rebecca in 1792 was married, so was not "little" and likely would not have gone out with John to play. This may indicate the event took place earlier, or that there was another unnamed sister, or that Rebecca may have just gone out with John to get grapes).
    Jacob Felton continues, saying that John was adopted by the Indians. When he was about 12 he was brought back to his natural parents, but he refused to stay. A year later he was brought back again and finally did stay with his natural parents.
    [This is another problem with the Felton account, for the ages here don't work with our John and John's father was dead by this time.]
    Samuel Hahn was one of the early settlers of Dunlap's Station, and he gave Cist his account in 1859, for Cist's Sketches and Statistics of Cincinnati. Hahn says the event occurred at Dunlap's Station when John was about 13 . He gives a similar story, saying that John went out to gather grapes with his sisters (multiple?), and h was up a tree after they left, but left his hat at the bottom, which was spotted by a group of five Indians, who took him captive.
    The following account was posted on the Eastern IN Crum Family web site. It appears to be based on a combination of Felton and Hahn.:
    "It seems, one day, John and his sister (or sisters according to one source) Rebecca were out in the woods of the Southwestern Ohio region, gathering grapes to eat. John was a lad of 13 at the time. After gathering a certain quantity of grapes, John handed some to his sister Rebecca who then headed towards home. John stayed behind gathering more grapes from a vine in a tree. While in the tree, his hat from the tree to the ground and 5 Miami Indians happened by and saw the hat. Looking up the tree, they instructed him to come down. They captured him and brought him back to their camp where an indian couple adopted him. John was in captivity for 5 years, until, at the age of 18, as a condition of the treaty of Greenville he along with several other captives was released. John was reluctant to go home because he had grown very close to his indian parents; but, the tribe told him where to find his family and he soon joined them. So close was his relationship to his adopted tribe that every year thereafter an Indian chief used to visit John. The next place we see John is when he married Mary Lee, April 10, 1806, in Greene Co., Ohio. The marriage record spells his name Criem. " 1 4 5
  • Residence: 1792 Daraugh's Station, Hamilton Co., Ohio 4
    Father: Peter Crum b: ABT 1740 in Somerset Co., New Jersey 
    Mother: Mary Cronis b: ?unknown
    Marriage 1 Mary Catherine Lee b: ABT 1785 in Ohio
    • Married: 10 APR 1806 in Greene Co., Ohio 6
    Marriage 2 Rachel Andrews b: 1783
    • Married: 26 NOV 1815 in Butler Co., Ohio 7
    1. Title: Eastern Indiana Crum Family web site, Url: http://members.aol.com/indycrums/
    2. Title: Crum family tree, Author Address: <barlor@marsweb.com>
    3. Title: Coleraine Pageant: First Families Of Coleraine
      Publication: 1991
    4. Title: The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography: A Frontiersman's Memoirs: Jacob Felton's Sketch Of His Early Life, Volume: Vol. CVI., Pages: 539-553
      Author: Felton, Jacob
      Publication: Oct. 1982
      Written by Jacob Felton at age seventy-six, based on his memory and tales told by his father.: Philadelphia Print Shop Library
      Page: p. 542f.
    5. Title: Sketches and statistics of Cincinnati in 1859
      Author: Cist, Charles
      Publication: 1859?
      In 1850, Cist spoke with two survivors of the attack on Dunlap's Station: William Wiseman, an orderly-sergeant to Lt. Kingsbury, and Samuel Hahn, a child who lived there. 
      HeritageQuest data base
    6. Page: p. 106f.
    7. Title: Greene County, Ohio Marriage Records, Url: http://www.genexchange.com/marriagereg.cfm?state=oh&county=greene
    8. Title: Butler County, Ohio Marriage Records