Thursday, August 06, 2015

Mourning Dove...

Mourning Dove aka Christal Quintasket (1888 - 1936)

    Author Mourning Dove aka Christal Quintasket (1888 - August 6, 1936)Author Mourning Dove aka Christal Quintasket (1888 - August 6, 1936)
    Compiled from "Cogewea, The Half-Blood" by Christal Quinstaket (Mourning Dove) and RootsWeb.
    Mourning Dove aka Christal Quintasket (1888 - August 6, 1936) was a Salish author and best known for her 1927 novel "Cogewea the Half-Blood: A Depiction of the Great Montana Cattle Range", which tells the story of Cogewea, a mixed-blood ranch woman on the Flathead Indian Reservation. Mourning Dove was born in a canoe on the Kootenai River, near Bonner's Ferry, Idaho,in 1888.
    The meaning of her indigenous name Hum-ishu-ma was lost to her and she later concluded its English translation as Morning Dove was a contrivance. Women within the Okanogon tribes of Washington State and the Okanagans in southern British Columbia were not traditionally named after birds or animals.

    "...Everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and every person a mission. This is the indian theory of existence" ~Christal Quintasket
    "There are two things I am most grateful for in my life," Mourning Dove later wrote, "The first is that I was born a descendant of the genuine Americans, the Indians; the second, that my birth happened in the year 1888. In that year the Indians of my tribe, the Colvile (Swy-ayl-puh), were well into the cycle of history involving their readjustment in living conditions. They were in a pathetic state of turmoil caused by trying to learn how to till the soil for a living, which was being done on a very small and crude scale. It was no easy matter for members of this aboriginal stock, accustomed to making a different livelihood (by the bow and arrow), to handle the plow and sow seed for food. Yet I was born long enough ago to have known people who lived in the ancient way before everything started to change."
    "We are between two fires, the Red and the White... We are maligned and traduced as no one but we of the despised breeds can know."  ~Mourning Dove, in Cogewea, The Half-Blood
    "The whiteman must have invented the name for it," she wrote in a letter in 1926. Morning Dove altered the spelling of her pen name to Mourning Dove after visiting a Spokane bird exhibit around 1921 and seeing a mounted bird that was labeled mourning dove. "I have made a sad mistake," she wrote. "I have misspelt my name. I found out at the museum."
    According to her memoirs, Mourning Dove initially knew herself as Christal Quintasket but this name was incorrectly recorded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs as Christine Quintasket. Mourning Dove used the surname Quintasket because her father Joseph, orphaned at age nine, had apparently accepted the name of an Aboriginal stepfather. Initially the Quintaskets followed seasonal migration patterns, bringing horses north to Osoyoos Lake each year.
    Two members of Mourning Dove's extended family were important to her in her formative years. From Jimmy Ryan, a 13-year-old white runaway orphan brought home and raised as a son by her father, she learned the alphabet and the pleasures of reading penny-dreadful novels.
    "I could spell the word Kentucky before I ever had a primer because it occurred frequently in the novel Jimmy taught me from," she recalled. From Long Theresa or Teequalt, an elderly woman found wandering in the bush and waiting to die, Mourning Dove received her pubertal training and spiritual guidance (after Teequalt had been persuaded to join their family).
    Teequalt would later serve Mourning Dove as the model for the second-most important character in her novel.
    Mourning Dove recalled, "She was twelve when she first heard of the new people [whites] coming into our country in boats instead of canoes. When my parents went for game or berries, we children took care of her. We prepared meals according to her instructions, then we would sit at her feet and listen to her wonderful stories."
    At age seven, as Christal Quintasket, Mourning Dove was placed in the Sacred Heart School at the Goodwin Mission in Ward, near Kettle Falls, Washington. There she was cruelly treated by nuns who punished her for speaking only Salishan.
    After being sent home, she returned and took her first communion in 1899. "My second stay at the school was less traumatic," she recalled. "I was anxious to learn more English and read." When government funding for Aboriginal schools was rescinded, she and her classmates were moved to a school at Fort Spokane.
    In 1902, at age 14, she was sent home again, this time to look after her four younger sisters and two younger brothers after her mother died, supposedly as the result of sorcery involving the skewered body of a dried black toad. Two of her sisters died. "I began secretly to read Jimmy's books," she recalled.
    "My parents scolded and rebuked me many times because they thought reading was an excuse for being idle." Upon her father's remarriage, Mourning Dove was sent to another school for Aboriginals in Great Falls, Montana where she witnessed the last roundup of the buffalo herd in 1908.
    There she married Hector McLeod, a Flathead who mostly proved himself to be an abusive husband. Having had his arm shot off by a bootlegger, Hector McLeod was later shot to death during a card game in Shurz, Nevada in 1937.
    In her late teens, Mourning Dove went to live with her maternal grandmother of the Okanogan tribe, mainly situated today in the western part of the Colville Reservation, near the Columbia and Okanogan Rivers and the Canadian border.
    From this grandmother she learned the power of Okanogan storytelling but Mourning Dove's exposure to western pulp novels equally influenced her own approach to writing fiction. In particular, she was motivated by a 1909 novel by Theresa Broderick entitled The Brand: A Tale of the Flathead Reservation.
    By 1912 Mourning Dove was living in Portland and writing her novel, frustrated by her difficulties with English. Eager for advancement, she enrolled herself in typing and writing courses at a business college in Calgary, Alberta between 1913 and 1915. Thereafter she taught school at the Inkameep Indian Reserve at Oliver, B.C. where she saved enough of her salary to buy herself a typewriter.
    Mourning Dove's literary aspirations were heightened when she met her mentor, editor and co-writer Lucullus Virgil McWhorter at Walla Walla Frontier Days in Washington State, probably in 1915. An ethnologist who was adopted into the Yakima tribe after his vigorous defence of their irrigation rights, McWhorter was a sincere student of Aboriginal cultures who had received the honorary name He-mene Ka-wan, meaning "Old Wolf."
    Also the founder of American Archaeologist, McWhorter had moved to a Washington State homestead from his native West Virginia in 1903. A mutual friend named J.W. Langdon advised Mourning Dove to pursue McWhorter's collaboration. While she re-worked her novel-in-progress and he added his own didactic passages to it, McWhorter encouraged her to gather more stories from the Okanogans.
    By 1916 Mourning Dove was eagerly anticipating publication of her novel. It was to be entitled Cogewea but ultimately it was spelled Co-ge-we-a on its title page. Publication, as arranged by McWhorter, was long-delayed, partially due to World War I.
    Mourning Dove became an advisor to local chiefs until she married Fred Galler, a Wenatchee, in 1919. Although this marriage was more successful than her first, her subsequent domestic life as an itinerant fruit and vegetable picker proved extremely difficult.
    Childless, she lugged her typewriter with her, camping out in hop fields and apple orchards, exhausted much of the time. Mourning Dove had to wait 15 years after meeting McWhorter before her long-in-progress novel Cogewea, The Half Blood: A Depiction of the Great Montana Cattle Range was finally published.
    The title and subtitle are misleading. Although it included her recollection of the final buffalo roundup, the novel mainly concerns three sisters. Mary is traditional, Julia has assimilated into white culture and the halfblood Cogewea seeks a compromise between two cultures.
    Despite some recognition that arose with the release of Cogewea, Mourning Dove's life remained harsh. Her status as an Aboriginal novelist and her ownership of a Ford jalopy didn't prevent her from suffering pneumonia, rheumatism and other illnesses that arose from exhaustion.
    Increasingly active in Aboriginal politics, she gave public talks, started social organizations such as the Colville Indian Association, and secured monies owed to the tribe, but the only formal recognition she received for her writing was an honorary membership in the Eastern Washington State Historical Society.
    Again with McWhorter's assistance, Mourning Dove's Coyote Stories (1933) appeared with credit for editing and illustrations accorded to Heister Dean Guie. Neither McWhorter nor Heister Dean Guie fully trusted Mourning Dove as an authority on Okanogan culture but she was allowed to provide an introduction that placed her work in an Okanogan context.
    A foreword by Chief Standing Bear was added by her editors because he was having contemporaneous success with his own books about the Sioux. Coyote Stories contains stories such as "The Spirit Chief Names the Animal People" about the coyote tradition and the concept of power emanating from the Sweat House ritual.
    McWhorter would indirectly play a role in the publication of Mourning Dove's only other book, Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography, (1990), edited by Jay Miller, after her manuscript for the memoir was discovered by McWhorter's widow almost a half-century after her death.
    In July of 1936, Mourning Dove was taken to the state hospital at Medical Lake in Washington State where she died after one week at age 48. The death certificate stated the cause of death was exhaustion from manic depression. For decades her gravestone in Okanogan, Washington said only "Mrs. Fred Galler." It now reads, "Mourning Dove / Colville Author / 1884-1936."

    SOURCE: Compiled from "Cogewea, The Half-Blood" by Christal Quinstaket (Mourning Dove) and RootsWeb
    Read 1521 times

    Sunday, July 12, 2015

    Blood quantum...

    Index of American Indian languages * Index of American Indian cultures * What's new on our site today!

    Measuring Blood: The American Indian Blood Quantum

    Question: What is a "blood quantum," and why do American Indians argue about it so much?

    Well, the way the government defines whether someone is a "real" Indian or not is they measure their blood. They have some arcane way of doing this by dividing the number of generations since all your ancestors were pure-blood by the number of marriages with people who aren't pure-blood. By their counting, I think I'm 7/8 Indian. Some of it is Muskogee, but they don't care about that. They're just trying to see how close we are or are not to white. We argue about this so much because nobody likes it. It's a really bad way to define somebody's culture and almost everyone agrees on that, but everyone can't agree on a better way, so there's a lot of complaining and it doesn't change.

    Saturday, July 11, 2015

    Two cities... Lloydminster & Edinburgh

    Edinburgh /ˈɛdɪnbɜrɡ/ is a town in BartholomewJohnson, and Shelbycounties in the U.S. state of Indiana. - Wikipedia

    Tale of One Cities

    On September 1, 1905, the government of Canada officially created the provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta, carving the two out of the Northwest Territories. The two provinces share the 110th meridian west as their common border, with Alberta to the west of the line and Saskatchewan to the east. The meridian also runs through the city of Lloydminster, as seen roughly in the map below (the red box is Lloydminster), dividing the municipality into two parts. 

    So which province is Lloydminster in?

    It depends.

    Wednesday, June 24, 2015

    Abe's paternity

    Anyone familiar with researching family history is aware that two of the most valuable resources you can use to nail down facts include oral history and actual records, such as birth records, census records, marriage records, etc.  These two methods of data collection, at their best, often complement each other.  An oral tradition passed down in the family is sometimes a good starting point when consulting various records.
    In the matter of Abraham Lincoln's paternity, i.e., who his father was, the oral history, collected by some seemingly sincere individuals, and the recorded history, couldn't be more conflicting.
    Lincoln himself was not much interested in delving too deeply into his family history.  After his nomination for president during the 1860 campaign, Lincoln's first biographer and law partner, William Herndon, records in his "Life of Lincoln":
    Among the earliest newspaper men to arrive in Springfield after the Chicago convention was the late J. L. Scripps of the Chicago Tribune, who proposed to prepare a history of his life. Mr. Lincoln deprecated the idea of writing even a campaign biography. "Why, Scripps," said he, "it is a great piece of folly to attempt to make anything out of me or my early life. It can all be condensed into a single sentence, and that sentence you will find in Gray's Elegy, 'The short and simple annals of the poor.' That's my life, and that's all you or anyone else can make out of it."
    Lincoln was unusually reticent about his parentage.  Herndon writes that Lincoln only spoke to him one time about his mother:

    Monday, June 22, 2015

    HEMET: Genealogical search leads to photo, and Abe Lincoln

    What started as one woman’s quest to find a photo of her father who died when she was a toddler turned into a team effort that spanned centuries and led to a family relation to Abraham Lincoln.

    Dale Hall moved to Hemet and started dabbling in genealogy about 20 years ago. She likes the research and being able to help others trace the roots and leafs of their family trees.
    Then Connie Morris approached Hall about two years ago asking if she could help her step-sister, Diana Hanks, find a photograph of her father.
    Hanks had an early childhood memory of her mother tearing up the only picture she had ever seen of her father, John Warner Hanks. By that time, her mother was remarried.
    “My step-dad was a good man and took good care of me, but as I got older I just wanted to have a picture of my real father,” said Hanks, of Hemet.
    She knew the circumstances of her father’s 1953 death. The family was living in Phoenix but traveled to Indio so John Hanks could visit his mother. During the trip, a tractor-trailer truck rear-ended his vehicle and he was killed, just a couple weeks shy of his 23rd birthday. He was buried in Indio.
    “I knew physically where he was at; I just wanted a picture,” said Hanks, 64. She knew he had been in the military but all records had been burned. Her mother kept his birth and death certificates but Hanks wasn’t sure how that could help her.
    When Morris contacted Hall about trying to find a photograph, Hall agreed but admits it seemed to be an arduous, if not impossible, task.
    “She had had so many brick walls over the years, I just said that I couldn’t promise anything,” Hall said. “I took everything she had and started my research.”
    There wasn’t much new information online, based on the documents she used.
    “I decided to go back – a lot of times if we go back, we can go forward,” said Hall, a member of the Hemet San Jacinto Genealogical Society.
    She was able to go back three generations by comparing names with dates and places of birth. She confirmed everything she found by checking marriage and other records against one another.
    Diana Hanks’ great-grandfather, Pascal, was the key that unlocked everything. One of his sons, James William Hanks, had two sons – Stanley Oliver and John Warner. Hall was able to find cousins in the Sacramento area and told them what she was trying to find. One of them had three pictures.
    “He sent me the pictures and I started crying. I knew I had found Diana’s father,” Hall said. “Diana not only got her father but a president, too,”
    Her great-great grandfather, Joseph Hanks, was a nephew of Nancy Hanks Lincoln, making Pascal Hanks a second cousin to Abraham Lincoln. Now she has a binder filled with historic documents and information.
    “It’s exciting to know that I am related to Abraham Lincoln but all I really wanted was a picture of my dad – and Dale found that for me. This is all that was important to me,” Hanks said as she held up one of the photographs.
    Contact the writer:

    Thursday, May 28, 2015

    Amerind & Const

    Several delegations at the White House-
    Sioux, Pawnee, Pottawatomis, Sac & Fox
    January 1, 1858
    courtesy Denver Public LIbrary

    American Indians
    & The United States Constitution

    The United States Constitution provides that “Congress shall have Power . . . To regulate Commerce . . . with the Indian Tribes.” It is no surprise that American Indian tribes are mentioned in our Constitution. Indian tribes have always played a major part in the non-Indian exploration, settlement, and development of this country. When Christopher Columbus thought he had discovered the “New World” in 1492, it is estimated that 10-30 million native people lived in North America, that is, in the present day countries of Mexico, United States and Canada. These millions of people lived under governments of varying sophistication and complexity. These native governments were viable and fully operational political bodies which controlled their citizens and their territories and were an important factor in the development of the United States government we live under today.

    Saturday, May 23, 2015

    Monday, May 18, 2015

    Natives, Ohio, mounds, pigeons

    Sunday, April 26, 2015

    The Who, What, Where, and Why of Genetic Genealogy Testing


    Saturday, April 18, 2015

    Robert Griffing paintings


    Friday, April 17, 2015

    Pre-literate... Civilizations...

    Surely colonial settlers venerated their ancestor's societies...

    Tuesday, March 24, 2015


    fighting an occupation

    Google search

    siege of invader forts

    Friday, March 06, 2015

    McLay/McLoy/McClay/Mclea or similar families;topic=190.0

    Lanarkshire-Family History Society-Forum

    Research => Surname Queries => Topic started by: AussieDoug on January 10, 2011, 12:20:10 AM

    Title: McLay/McLoy/McClay/Mclea or similar families
    Post by: AussieDoug on January 10, 2011, 12:20:10 AM
    Hello from Australia,

    My Great Grandmother was Isabella McLay daughter of John McLay born abt 1833 Aidrie Lanakshire New Monkland & Mary Love born abt 1828
    Isabella married Dugald Rankine (father Daniel Rankine)b: 6 July 1846 in New Monkland, m: 21 June 1871 & d: 9 December 1925 in Scotland.
    Some of my research has the family in Rothesay Bute in 1881.
    Do you have any ties to this family?
    I have pasted in below info passed on to me which may nail down the families.

    Doug Mayes

    Mary Love   Birth 16 MAR 1828 in Kilsyth, Stirlingshire 
    Marriage Information
    Jun 1845
    New Monkland, Lanarkshire, Scotland to John McLay 

    Residence Residence Information
    Date   1851
    Location   Carnock, Fife, Scotland
    Residence    Residence Information
    Date   1861
    Location   New Monkland, Lanarkshire, Scotland

    Residence Information
    Date   1881
    Location Rothesay, Bute, Scotland

    1861 Scotland Census about John Mclay
    Name: John Mclay
    Age: 35
    Estimated birth year: abt 1826
    Relationship: Head
    Spouse's name : Mary Mclay
    Gender: Male
    Where born: Stirligh, Polmont
    Registration Number: 651/1
    Registration district: Airdrie
    Civil Parish: New Monkland
    County: Lanarkshire
    Address: 128 Graham St
    Occupation: Coal Mine Coachaster
    ED: 5
    Household schedule number: 33
    Line: 3
    Roll: CSSCT1861_117
    Household Members: Name Age
    John Mclay 35
    Mary Mclay 33
    Robt Mclay 16
    John Mclay 13
    Mary Mclay 9
    Isabela Mclay 7
    Janet L Mclay 4
    Christine Gibson 15

    Hi Doug

    I copied your email from the Airdire website you left a link to.  I’ve just had a look at the vital records available online via and then did a quick look on for a census check and a look on for the results of a parent search to be sure we had the right folks.  It’s quite straightforward to locate the marriage of your Isabella McClay and Dugald Rankine and also the death of Isabella in 1880.  These records can be viewed online and downloaded into your computer without needing to order an extract from General Register House Scotland.  The system is quite neat and affordable compared to that of some other countries.  Actually Scotlandspeople fees are due to increase in the new year at 1 April so if you were inclined to obtain copies of these records you should act before then.  From these two vital records you are able to confirm the names of Isabella’s parents and the occupation of her father and whether the parents were alive or deceased at the time of Isabella’s marriage to Dugald and also at the time of her death.  Using a combination of this data is how to prove you are linking the correct people together as family.  In your case….you know Isabellas father was John McClay and you think her mother was Mary Love.  Both Isabella’s marriage and death confirm these names as correct.  They also indicate that her parents were both still alive at the time of her death.  A further search for the death of a Mary McClay mn Love turns up just one lady who died on Bute in 1913.  This record shows she was the widow of John McClay a coalmaster.  Ironstone and Coal Conractor is the occupation of Isabella’s father on her marriage and Coalmaster is his occupation on her death certificate.  This looks pretty likely to be the right lady to be Isabellas mother.  The only thing I then did to wrap it all up was to look on the IGI to see if John McClay and Mary Love had children that included an Isabella born about 1853 (birth year derived from her stated age at marriage).  Because statutory recordkeeping began in Scotland in 1855 it’s not always easy to find pre 1855 records.  Well this looks like it might be the case with this family.  The IGI shows several children to this couple but none born before 1855.  They do however have a Janet Love McClay born in 1857.  So next I had a look for John McClay with a wife named Mary and a daughter named Isabella and a daughter named Janet on the 1861 census.  There is one who nicely fits the bill right there in New Monkland:

    Name: John Mclay
    Age:     35
    Estimated birth year:     abt 1826
    Relationship:     Head
    Spouse's name :            Mary Mclay
    Gender:            Male
    Registration Number:    651/1
    Registration district:       Airdrie
    Civil Parish:      New Monkland
    County:            Lanarkshire
    Address:           128 Graham St

    Household consists of:
    John Mclay       age 35
    Mary Mclay     age 33
    Robt Mclay      age 16
    John Mclay       age 13
    Mary Mclay     age 9
    Isabela Mclay   age 7
    Janet L Mclay   age 4
    Christine Gibson      age15

    Christine is a domestic servant.  All the other children are sons and daughters.  Mary is his wife.  According to the 1861 census Isabella was born in Torryburn, Fife, Scotland.  The presence of a sister named Janet L (for Love?) convinces me this is your Isabella with her parents and siblings in 1861 and the death of Mary McClay in 1913 on Bute is that of Isabella’s mother.

    Hope this is helpful for you.

    Best wishes

    Doubt is our product...

    Thursday, March 05, 2015

    Dream Team - Jackie Rankine

    Sunday, February 22, 2015

    47 Websites You Can Use Instead of Wikipedia

    Navajo Supreme Court...

    Turtle Island soverignty

    Using Guardianship Records by

    Tuesday, February 17, 2015

    Der Deutsche Pionier: Erinnerungen aus dem Pionierleben der Deutschen in Amerika, Volume 13 (Google eBook)'s%20station%22%201788&f=false

    Saturday, February 07, 2015

    Masons at DsS - Nova Caesare (Isle of Jersey...)

    (Washington was also a Mason, and a Cincinnatian...)

    [emphasis added]

    All was remarkably quiet and peaceful for a year or more following settlement. Then with the movement of many of the pioneers to points far out in the wilderness, where they built their homes or else stockade stations that housed several families, the savages rose in all fury and began a war of cruelty and bloodshed which lasted for five years. Cabins were plundered and stations attacked, cattle and horses run off, scores of the settlers slain and scalped and numbers taken prisoner, until the less stout-hearted fled in terror to bhe safety of eastern homes or to large towns in Kentucky. A reprisal raid by General Harmar in 1790 was without much effect and the enemy harrassed the settlements with greater vigor than before.

    Thursday, February 05, 2015

    Fernald Visitors +

    Mailing Address:
    U.S. Department of Energy
    Office of Legacy Management
    10995 Hamilton-Cleves Hwy.
    Harrison, Ohio 45030
    (513)  648-6000

    Fernald Preserve Visitors Center
    The Fernald Preserve Visitors Center is a 10,000-square-foot green building that celebrates the rich and varied history of the Fernald site. Information on the site’s natural, Native American, settlement and farming, uranium production, and environmental cleanup eras, as well as the recent ecological restoration and legacy management mission, is presented through a series of exhibits. Admission to the Visitors Center is free, and meeting spaces at the facility are also available for no charge to local organizations.
    Visitors Center: Wednesday through Saturday
    9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

    Closing the Circle of History - FLUOR

    Uranium exposure linked to increased lupus rate - Fernald

    Once notorious uranium waste site in Fernald, Ohio, beckons tourists June 13, 2010

    June 13, 2010
    Lilies bloom at the Fernald Preserve in southwest Ohio, where a factory once processed uranium for nuclear weapons.
    Lilies bloom at the Fernald Preserve in southwest Ohio, where a factory once processed uranium for nuclear weapons. / U.S. Department of Energy
    Fernald is one of only two reclaimed sites with a visitors center. / U.S. Department of Energy
    FERNALD, Ohio -- At first, the Fernald Preserve inspires jokes.
    "Let's come back and go hiking -- in 500 years," I say, checking out trails marked with radiation monitors.
    My mom and stepdad make cracks about fish with three eyes and birds with six wings, ha ha. Still, we're a little nervous.
    Fernald Preserve used to be the site of the factory where uranium was processed for nuclear bombs.